Currency makes easy the process of transferring goods and services. In simple terms, it is a unit for exchange of money in everyday life. In addition, it includes goods and services. Currency convertibility is the right of the holder of a currency to exchange it with another currency, at the exchange rates. The types of currency convertibility are mainly categorized as external and internal convertibility; which include current account, capital account convertibility as well.
The external convertibility is defined in terms of free exchange of holdings of the currency by non-residents, assuring exchange rates within the official margins. External convertibility is only partial convertibility. The internal convertibility is defined in terms of no restrictions on the ability of exchanging currency to acquire foreign currency and hold it. This currency can be transferred to non residents for any purpose. The total convertibility of currency is the sum total or aggregate of both internal convertibility and external convertibility.
The gold standard was established as each currency was identified in terms of gold value. This enabled and outlined a system linking all currencies in terms of fixed exchange rates. Gold has certain characteristics which are internationally recognized and used in trade and business via international monetary fund. The characteristics such as storage, handy, convenient, transferable, portable make it standard commodity which can be divided into standard units, such as ounces.
Gold is very expensive to produce; therefore, it restricts its quick supply. The gold exchange standard signified an international system, in which each country had to nominate and fix the value of its currency with respect to gold. This created a whole system connecting the currencies of all the countries over the globe.
The types of currency convertibility are identified by the importance given to convertibility attached to economic objectives. The current account convertibility is vital for the traders in services, investments, merchandise, income and independent or unilateral transfers. The developing countries have adapted three methods, which are, pre-announcement, by-product, and front-loading approach.
The capital account convertibility deals with the financial assets. It provides choice and freedom to convert domestic financial assets to foreign assets and vice versa at the rate of exchange, already determined by markets.
Ecurrency follow all the rules and regulations associated with currency using a very current and effective technology, internet. The Currency allows sending and receiving money immediately worldwide, to family and friends. It facilitates the business transactions to be completed instantly. It can exchange real-time online payments from the sales, auctions etc. The mass payments can be done with just one transaction. The bill payments have been made easy. The standing order payments are facilitated.
Several types of currency convertibility facilitate the conversion of money, assets, goods, services to your choice of currency in any part of the world.